Egypt's official name is the Arab Republic of Egypt. The country is situated in the north-east part of Africa, although the Sinai Peninsula forms a land bridge with south-west Asia, and so Egypt is also called a Middle East country. Therefore it's a transcontinental country, which helps it in being a major power in Africa, the Middle-East, the Mediterranean, and the Muslim world.
Egypt a predominantly Sunni Muslim country, Egypt's state religion is Islam. , and 80-90% of the population is Muslim. Five times a day the "Adhan", the Islamic call to prayer, can be heard being broadcast from the loudspeakers on Cairo's many minarets. There are so many Mosques in the Egyptian capital that it was once dubbed "The City of 1,000 Minarets".
Egypt also hosts a considerable number of church towers due to the Christian minority in Egypt, which makes up about 8-18% of the population. Of these, 90% belong to the native Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria with the other 10% comprising of the Coptic Catholic Church; the Evangelical Church of Egypt, and various other Protestant denominations.
The remaining 2% of the population are Jews, with a number of synagogues being sited around Cairo. Islam, Christianity, and Judaism are the only three religions that Egypt officially recognizes.
Egypt covers an area of approximately 1,001,450km2 (386,662 miles²) and is bordered by Israel and the Gaza Strip in the north-east; the Red Sea in the east; Sudan in the south; Libya in the west; and the Mediterranean Sea in the north. It is the 3rd most populous country in Africa and the most populous in the Middle-East with the majority of its estimated 98 million people living on, or near, the banks of the Nile. Only 5.5% of the total land area is actually used by the population, the area that borders the River Nile.
Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, with a name that means "the victorious city." It is located on both banks of the River Nile near the head of the river's delta in northern Egypt and has been settled for more than 6,000 years, serving as the capital of numerous Egyptian kingdoms. Cairo is known locally as "Misr," which is the Arabic name for Egypt, because of its centrality to Egyptian life.
Greater Cairo is spread across three of Egypt's administrative governorates. The northeastern part is known as Kaliobia Governorate, while the west bank is part of the governorate of Giza, and the eastern parts and southeastern parts are other governorates known as Cairo governorate. The three districts are collectively known as greater Cairo.
The city is marked by the traditions and influences of the East and the West, both the ancient and the modern. However, Cairo also reflects Egypt's growing poverty, and it struggles to cope with problems caused by massive population growth, urban sprawl, and deteriorating infrastructure and public services.
Aswan is the third biggest town in Egypt today and the biggest one in Upper Egypt. It is situated at the foot of the Nile Valley to the North end of Lake Nasser. In recent times Aswan has become a major mining area for aluminum and iron mining. It is also a favorite place for tourists to visit due to it being a major stop for cruise boats on the River Nile as well as Lake Nasser. It has a local market that is an excellent place to do your holiday shopping. This is especially true if you want spices as you will find the best types of fresh spices in the Aswan market. Aswan also has many attractive tourist spots to visit
Aswan is located roughly where the Western Desert and the Eastern Desert meet, and just north of the great expanse of water created by the Aswan Dam known as Lake Nasser.
Aswan has a gorgeous winter climate and is a popular sun resort from November through to March with Egyptians as well as international holidaymakers.
Located in Upper Egypt Luxor has been described as the world’s largest open-air museum. Nowadays it has been elevated to the status of governorate, although it is still classified as being in the province of Qena. Luxor has a population of round about 230,000, most of whom are employed in tourism somehow, although there are many who are employed in agriculture and commerce. Luxor is one of the most popular destinations in Egypt and qualifies as one of those places that you simply must see.
It has been estimated that Luxor contains about a third of the most valuable monuments and antiquities in the whole world, which makes it one of this planet’s most important tourist sites. Monuments such as The Luxor Temple, Karnak Temple, the Valley of the Kings, the Valley of the Queens, Deir El-Bahri (the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut), the worker's village at Deir El-Medina, the list goes on and on and on. Alhough most visitors will stay for just a few days, it would take a substantial amount of time to visit everything in this amazing town.
Marsa Alam is a port and resort located on the Red Sea in the southeast of Egypt. It is 700 kilometers away from Cairo and 280 kilometers away from Hurghada.
This popular resort is located 135 km south of Al-Qusseir and 270 km south of Hurghada and is connected to Edfu by a 289 Km long desert road. Due to the proximity of Luxor and the shrine of Abu AI-Hassan AI-Shazli and its wonderful beaches, it has become a big tourist center.
Marsa Alam transformed from being just a small fishing village to become a famous sea resort and a center for diving and sea trips. The shore contains amazing coral reefs and diving spots. Marsa Alam also has an airport located 60 kilometers north of the city and can serve more than 50,000 passengers, which added to the huge development that the city went through. Flights from different European countries, especially Italy, come straight to Marsa Alam international airport with hundreds of tourists who chose Marsa Alam to spend their vacation. Unlike more commercial cities like Sharm El Sheikh and Hurghada, the beauty of Marsa Alam is still untouched with the harmful effects of modernization.
The city of Hurghada is another major tourist attraction in Egypt. Hurghada is located on the Red Sea coast, almost 550 km from Cairo. Egyptians once called it Ghardaka, from which the name of the city was derived. Hurghada attracts more than 2.5 million visitors each year and brings more than 3 billion dollars to Egypt’s economy annually.
Hurghada stretches for about 60 Km along the Red Sea coast and has more than 80,000 inhabitants. Most of these are immigrants from Upper Egypt who came seeking investment and work opportunities in the the newly developed sea resort. Hurghada today has more than 170 hotels and it is still developing.
Hurghada and the Red Sea coast enjoy very moderate weather throughout the year, making it an ideal place for ocean sports. The average temperature from March to November ranges from 26C to 29C, and in the hottest summer months, the temperature can reach 33C. Water temperature is also very moderate, which makes it possible to practice diving throughout the year.
The main tourist attraction in Hurghada is the marine life, with lots of coral and colorful fish, which are located very close to the shore. Hurghada has some of the finest coral in the world. If you like to practice diving, then Hurghada, or Sharm El-Sheikh, are your places to go.
Abydos is one of the oldest cities ever discovered, not only in Ancient Egypt but in the entire world. It’s also considered to be one of the most important archaeological sites ever discovered. It was an ancient sacred city located in Upper Egypt, approximately 300 miles south of modern day Cairo, the Egyptian capital.
To date, Abydos is one of the oldest ancient cities ever discovered in Egypt, and many archaeologists and historians also consider it to be one of the most important archaeological sites ever discovered.
Most of the old city now lies buried beneath modern high rise building, and as such, any and all artifacts contained within the ancient temples and monuments are probably lost. Fortunately however, there is still a great deal to see at the present site, with the infamous Temple of Seti I being the most popular and most fascinating attraction.
Dandara is a village belonging to the Qena Center in Qena Governorate in the Arab Republic of Egypt. It has one of the most important temples of the ancient Egyptians, the temple of Hatour or the temple of Dandre.
Dandara is located about 55 km north of Luxor on the West Nile coast, an interview Qena almost on the other side of the Nile. The ruins of the ancient Egyptian city are close to the new city in the mountainous desert region.
The Hattour temple, built in this place during the ancient sixth Dynasty, was later built in the era of the Greeks and Romans. It was built on the Nile coast, taking a north-south direction. The foundation of its structure, which was built during the reign of the Patelas, dates back to the old temple. Construction of parts of the temple, which can now be visited during the reign of the Patalsa, was completed and completed by the Roman Caesars.
The process of building the new temple lasted about 200 years, and it is characterized by unique architectural art and rich paintings and engravings.
For most people, the weather is the crucial factor in deciding when to visit Egypt. The climate is typically hot and sunny throughout the year, and there is very little precipitation south of Cairo. Even in the wettest places (Alexandria and Rafah), it only rains on an average of 46 days per year. Winters are generally mild, with daytime temperatures in Cairo averaging around 68 degrees Fahrenheit. At night, temperatures in the capital can drop to 50 degrees Fahrenheit or lower. In summer, temperatures reach an average of 95 degrees Fahrenheit, exacerbated by intense humidity.
It is important to remember that many of Egypt's ancient sights are located in desert regions that remain hot despite the proximity of the Nile River. While several top attractions are located in southern Egypt, where it is even hotter than Cairo. If you're planning on visiting Luxor or Aswan from May to October, make sure to avoid the midday heat by planning your sight-seeing for the early morning or late afternoon. Between March and May..
Egypt winter can mean nice weather, it's also the high tourist season. Attractions will be more crowded.
Egypt Spring is a nice time to visit Egypt, as temperatures are typically quite moderate, but some visitors may want to avoid the this season that runs between March and April as it can carry sand and dust in the air. Prices for hotels will be more reasonable than during winter.
Egypt summer Temperatures can often be sweltering during the summer, especially in Upper Egypt near Luxor. But traveling during this time has its perk: You can see Egypt without swells of fellow tourists, leaving you in peace at some of the country's most-revered monuments. Ramadan typically falls during the summer months; beware that some attractions may close earlier than usual.